What is a Bunion and What Causes Them?

A bunion is a bony bump that usually forms on the main big toe joint, right at the base of the big toe.  The big toe points more and more toward the toes of the same foot.  It is a common foot deformity that both men and women can suffer from.  The odds of getting a bunion are greater for runners who are 36 and older. Bunion surgery has changed dramatically over the past few years, so don’t let the horror stories keep you in pain.

Bunions are caused by an imbalance in the foot’s muscles, ligaments and tendons.  The imbalance can be a result of ill-fitting footwear, genetics and other factors that might effect the foot’s delicate balance.  High heels are a strong culprit, and they may be one reason that bunions are ten times more common in women.

Bunion Surgery Options and Treatments

Bunion surgery is infamous for horror stories.  People tend to avoid it like the plague and some even resort to DIY bunion correctors. But not all bunion surgery is the same and there is a vast difference in patient experience. Make sure you’re story is pleasant, not horrific.

There are 40+ types of surgeries available to correct bunion problems and they all fall into two main categories. Compare the two types of foot surgery here.

1) Conventional Open Foot Surgery

Most conventional open foot surgery comes with long-term pain and up to half a year of recovery time.

MPJ fusion or a Lapidus bunionectomy, for example, may require a minimum of 3 months to return to normal activities and regular shoes.  Osteotomy, or bone cut, is another common procedure that is often used to treat bunions by holding the bones together and fixing them to the proper place with the help of two screws. This procedure also needs at least two months to return to your regular shoes and daily activities.

Bunion Surgery Options InfographicThese procedures may do the job in the long-run, they involve huge incisions, often a great deal of pain, hardware attached to your foot skeleton, higher expenses and months of staying off your feet.

2) Minimally Invasive Bunion Surgery

If treating your bunion least painfully with the fastest recovery time is important to you, this might be the option for you.

The minimally invasive procedure pioneered at Northwest Surgery Center is very different from all of the others who claim to be “minimally invasive.” We do not expose the entire bone and there is no need for any internal hardware to support the bones. We create small incisions in the foot using local anesthesia and remove the bunion internally by creating tiny fractures that also help us to realign the bones.

After the surgery, we use an external fixation, which includes wrapping your foot in a soft cast, using Coban and gauze to protect against external impacts and strains. Most surprisingly, you can walk, go to work, or even drive a car right after the surgery.

We are pioneers in this type of Minimally Invasive Bunion Surgery. We understand the busy schedules of our clients and our surgery takes only around an hour and a half including pre- and post-op. Our Minimally Invasive Bunion Surgery typically has a quick recovery time because the small skin incision used to correct bone structure heals much faster than large incisions made by traditional surgery procedures.


You shouldn’t have to bear foot pain or fear the barbaric procedures of the past to get relief from surgery. Allow Northwest Surgery Center to remove your bunion with our pioneered Minimally Invasive Bunion Surgery. Schedule a free consultation today.

Free Consultation. Same Day Surgery.

Book Your Appointment now or call 720-758-6760 to talk with a Northwest Surgery Center team member.